Samuel Palmer/Romanticism

Samuel Palmer

in­flu­ences the mod­ern, ide­al­i­sa­tion of the rural and the past ro­man­tic painter devo­tee of william blake founder of the shore­ham an­cients (retrospective sen­ti­men­tal) pro­jects ide­ol­ogy and ideas onto his de­pic­tion of land­scapes mid­dle class, sur­rey square grow­ing mid­dle class area

1851 more peo­ple live in cities than in rural ar­eas 1850 po­lar­ity be­tween in­dus­trial cities and ide­alised rural land­scapes britain at war with napoleon bona­parte sup­ported by in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion, fi­nance is grow­ing, in­fant mor­tal­ity at 25%

par­adise lost, john mil­ton

fa­ther john linell, com­mer­cial artist linell against re­li­gious in­sti­tu­tion, palmer mem­ber of an­glicn church linell in­tro­duces palmer to william blake

fran­cis oliver finch the dell of co­mus en­light­en­ment vs Romanticism influenced by blake

Shoreham Ancients

Group of artists formed around 1824, de­cieded to move from East London to Shoreham, Kent to live a rural life. moves from lon­don to a rural area

vaughan williams Fantasia on a theme of thomas tallis vaughan williams part of shore­ham an­cients?

the an­cients highly ide­alise shore­ham

morning Samuel Palmer: Early Morning, 1825

us­ing tex­tures to de­scribe dif­fer­ent planes her­met­i­cally sealed im­age ren­nais­sance

calvert Edward Calvert: The Ploughman, 1827

Edward Calvert shows an im­age of a myth­i­cal ver­sion of the past rather than the pre­sent. His work is full of sym­bol­ism, Greek mythol­ogy and Christian fig­ures.

ed­ward calvert, the bride chris­t­ian sym­bol­ism again

samuel palmer, rus­tic scene gum ara­bic, looks old very quickly sim­i­lar­i­ties in com­po­si­tion be­tween im­ages, strong fo­cus on cen­tral el­e­ment (moon)

palmer, a shep­herd and is flock un­der the moon

palmer, com­ing from the evening church

Although Palmer looks back at a past that never ex­isted, his means of com­mu­ni­ca­tion are mod­ernist. He sim­pli­fies shapes, colours and tex­tures down to their essence to make his mes­sage more im­pact­ful.

People Palmer had Influence on

Ideology of Sentiment

mod­ernism is about util­ity but draws back to the past

to move for­wards you have to look back­wards