The Great Exhibition of 1851

What hap­pens in the 19th cen­tury an­tic­i­pates the de­vel­op­ments in the 20th cen­tury.

stu­dio job ap­pear­ance plate, 2006 robert daw­son af­ter wil­low, 2004

we look to the past to build the fu­ture

william mor­ris: the past is not dead, it is liv­ing within us

in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion fac­to­ries brought a new emerg­ing mid­dle class (factory owner) which make their lives more com­fort­able and have money to spend end of ro­man­ti­cism

birth of con­sumerism, be­gin­ning of de­signer age

chip­pen­dale pat­tern book rise of mail or­der cat­a­logue

josiah wedge­wood

The great ex­hi­bi­tion and the crys­tal palace of 1851


Design Reform 1

Response to the low stan­dards of British de­sign 1836 re­port says arts, good de­sign don’t get enough sup­port 1837 planned net­work of de­sign schools (Camberwell) and es­tab­lish mu­se­ums of art free for the pub­lic

Henry Cole

Founder of the V&A

Design Reform 2 (Arts & Crafts)

ques­tion the hi­er­ar­chy be­tween fine arts and de­sign me­dieval / gothic japan­ese / asian arts and crafts us­ing ma­te­ri­als ap­propi­ately

in­spi­ra­tion tra­di­tional crafts­man­ship rus­tic forms na­ture (advances in sci­ence) the gram­mar of or­na­ment

gothic ar­chi­tec­ture, ty­pog­ra­phy houses of par­lia­ment 18376 look like a gothic church

Morris & Co. est 1875

The re­design of vic­to­rian eng­land The red house as test­ing ground All sorts of crafts­man­ship

The V&A it­self is part of the ex­hi­bi­tion

Art Nouveau

Bauhaus Dessau 1925